Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Movie Babel - 862 Words

In the movie Babel there was four different stories that was all connected by a single shot gun. A Japanese girl’s father had sold a rifle to a Moroccan man, the man had then gave the rifle to his two sons. The younger boy was a better shooter than the older boy. The older boy became jealous because he was the big brother and he was ‘supposed’ to be the better shooter. The little brother shot at a tourist bus to prove that he was the better shooter, and in the mist of proving himself he shot a woman that was on the bus. The woman that was shot happen to be an American woman that was vacationing with her husband in Morocco. While the American couple was on vacation they had their Mexican nanny watch their two kids. The Japanese girl was deaf, so her way of communicating wasn’t the ‘common’ way. In order for her to communicate with other she had to use sign language or she need a person to speak extremely slowly, so that she could read their lips. Among her peers she was seen as an outcast, a monster, someone that didn’t fit in with the ‘in crowd’. She was struggling with the rejection of her peers and the distant relationship she had with her father, on top of it all she was missing her mom (which had recently passed). She often went out with friends and tried to experience common things such as going to clubs and listening to music. She was learning how to deal and cope with her way of life and communicating. The brothers had little secrets that they were keeping from theirShow MoreRelatedBabel Movie Analysis891 Words   |  4 PagesA movie highlighting societies’ issues, personal to political, that one faces from lack of knowing how to cross-communication throughout a variety of cultures. The film Babel, written by Guillermo Arriaga and directed by Alejandro Gonzà ¡lez Ià ±Ãƒ ¡rritu, depicts the failures of communication and the realistic effects that it has within certain cultures. The film reveals four different cultures: Middle Eastern, Hispanic, American, and Asian. The film expresses each character struggles with not only articulatingRead MoreBabel: Communication and Movie842 Words   |  4 PagesBabel (2006) Babel is a film about communication. There are four main storylines, which involved four countries and five languages. However, the director used a rifle to link up the four stories together aptly, which makes it a coherent movie. The first storyline was about the married American couple, Richard and Susan. They travelled to Morocco, but Susan was shot during the journey. Another storyline was about the two brothers lived in Morocco, and one of them unintentionally shot Susan. The thirdRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie Babel 811 Words   |  4 PagesBabel Babel is a film that connects the stories of three families that suffer from extreme challenges due to their association or experience with one rifle. Babel opened in Morocco, where Abdullah, a goat farmer, bought a rifle from his neighbor. Abdullah purchased this rifle strictly for the purpose of preventing jackals from continuously killing his goats. After receiving the rifle, Abdullah allowed his sons Yuseff and Ahmed to take a turn practicing shooting the rifle. It was quickly revealedRead MoreThe Act Of Gift Giving1231 Words   |  5 PagesWestern world. Diving a level deeper by converting a gifted item into an item avaiable for resale creates an even more commerical approach to this act of kindness. In the film Babel(2006), the director Alejandro Gonzà ¡lez Ià ±Ãƒ ¡rritu employs the message that when something is converted into a capital good it becomes dangerous. Babel(2006) follows four interrelated sets of situations and characters across the world united by one item. A g un that was gifted from a Japanese man to a farmer in Morocco is soldRead MoreHow Homer s Work Is Relevant Today1072 Words   |  5 Pagesever a shooting on campus or how I would make an exit if there was ever a shooter in a movie theater. Guns and Children a Recipe for Disaster in Babel and Reality (October 14) In the movie Babel (Alejandro Gonzà ¡lez Ià ±Ãƒ ¡rritu, 2006) there were many questionable acts committed by the character. One of the acts that stood out to me was giving children a gun. Guns have become a huge issue in our country and this movie demonstrates the true danger of gun when affiliated with children and those who do notRead MoreModern Cinema And Its Effects On American Cinema1469 Words   |  6 PagesCinema in the film ‘Babel’, (2006) in terms of film aesthetics and narrative. It is an award-winning, transnational film, written by American Director, Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu. It was also produced by an American distributor. A summary of Babel, ‘4 interlocking stories that are all connected by a single gun, they all converge at the end and reveal a complex and tragic story of the lives of humanity around the world and how we truly aren’t all that different’. (Mac, n.d). Babel is an American distributedRead MoreAuteur Theory 11662 Wor ds   |  7 Pagesmuch of Pauline Kael’s essay, in response to Sarris’s, â€Å"Circles And Squares.† Terrence Rafferty from NY Times wrote an article entitled â€Å"Now Playing: Auteur vs. Auteur† which follows a fight between a writer and director over the title of auteur on Babel. In a post from the University of Manchester, the author Jim covers a director that does not leave anyone out of the creative process in his post â€Å"The Case of Mike Leigh and the Missing Auteur.† While I believe that there are multiple creative mindsRead MoreThe Four Interlocking Plots : Show Us The Truth About Global Reality1338 Words   |  6 Pagesfood security, and women s empowerment. Solutions to one problem must be solutions for all.† â€Å" ~ Ban Ki-moon All of our consequences have actions. Whether anyone thinks about the long term consequences of their actions has yet to be seen. Babel is a movie about four families, in four separate countries whom are connected by one tragic accident. Two of these families live in first world countries, while the other two families are from third world countries. These four families have never met andRead MoreReflection Of Casablanca1282 Words   |  6 Pagesin general has developed. A reflection on two of the films from this term, Casablanca (Curtiz, 1942) and North by Northwest (Hitchcock, 1959) will carry the bulk of the essay. Though, I will also be discussing how this class changed the way I saw a movie just a few weeks ago. Casablanca’s script and acting are of particular caliber, and North by Northwest unfortunately does not deliver with the dialogue and casting of lead actor Cary Grant. Though, overall, they both have merit when discussing filmsRead MoreWhat I Have Learned Fro m Watching Blood Diamond And Babel2113 Words   |  9 Pagesaffect someone in another part of the world, and even more rarely do we care. Every once in a while we donate, send our prayers over Facebook, or rally against unjust treatment and terrorism. However, what I have learned from watching Blood Diamond and Babel is that more often than not, we unknowingly contribute to the very instances we seek to fight against. Every action we do, especially in affluent countries, has a global affect. In the movies, the intertwined story lines of seemingly separated characters

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Hiv And Its Effects On Acute Infection - 2385 Words

HIV-1 establishes a reservoir in lymphoid tissue during acute infection that is the site of virus production from infected cells, storage in immune complexes on the surface of the follicular dendritic cell (FDC) network, and persistence in a pool of latently infected resting memory CD4+ T cells 1-8. While combinations of antiretroviral drugs can suppress viral replication and reduce viral RNA to undetectable levels in plasma, virus production from this reservoir of latently infected cells rekindles HIV-1 infection if drug treatment is stopped 9. The elimination or inactivation of latently infected cells in reservoirs that give the virus safe haven from antiretroviral drugs or immune attack is key to bring about a cure. Intermittent virus†¦show more content†¦Under these conditions, virus might continue to evolve in a small sanctuary site within the reservoir of cells in lymph nodes and remain undetectable in blood depending on as yet unknown trafficking relationships between the two compartments. Here, we tracked the evolution of HIV-1 and inferred the dispersal patterns among discrete anatomic compartments in time-resolved phylogenies. With a model of within-host infection dynamics, which encodes drug-dependent viral fitness and site-dependent evolutionary pressures, we show that, in patients with undetectable levels of virus in their blood, low amounts of viral replication can occur in a sanctuary site with suboptimal drug concentrations that do not breed drug-resistant strains. We applied massively parallel sequencing to HIV-1 provirus populations in cells from blood and lymph nodes collected at three separate times (day 0, and after 3 months and 6 months of treatment) and virus particles in the blood (day 0) from three study subjects studied previously (Fig. 1; 12). Two subjects (1727 and 1679) were well-suppressed patients; and the third subject (1774) continued to have measureable amounts of viral RNA in plasma after 3 months, but not 6 months of treatment. Subjects 1727 and 1679 were each infected with HIV-1 for approximately 3 to 4 months and were antiretroviral drug naà ¯ve. Subject 1774 was infected with HIV-1 for approximately 17 years and was antiretroviral drug

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

British Irish Relations over the past 300 years Essay Example For Students

British Irish Relations over the past 300 years Essay British- Irish relations over the past three hundred years have been troubled. There have been many tensions caused by religion in Northern Ireland and Britains unfair rule of Northern Ireland. The British are guilty of many of the indignities suffered by the Irish people. They are also guilty of causing all of the religious and territorial conflicts between Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland. The division between Northern and Southern Ireland dates back to the 16th century. A succession of English monarchs had used the planting of Protestant English and Scottish people on lands seized from Irish Catholics as a way of increasing loyalty to the British Crown. This is an example of how the British treated the people of Ireland unfairly. In 1912 British parliament gave home rule to Ireland. Home rule is when a country who is ruled by another country is giving the ability to govern its self. However some people in Irelands Northern counties did not want home rule. They wanted to remain governed by Britain. So the people in the Northern Counties (Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry and Tyrone) remained under British rule while the Southern Counties formed the Republic of Ireland. Shortly after the formation of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland hostilities pushed these two countries to the brink of civil war. This was prevented by the start of World War I. We will write a custom essay on British Irish Relations over the past 300 years specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now English persecution of the Irish people is one cause of the tensions in Northern Ireland. Before 1793 Irish Catholics were persecuted by British law. Catholics were not allowed to buy and sell land, get proper education, marry Protestants or vote. This fueled problems in Ireland. After 1793 Britain was afraid, after loosing America, that a revolution would happen in Ireland. So the restrictions on the Irish Catholics were done away with. This however angered the protestants who formed the Orange Order, who was against the Catholics. This all came to a head when in 1798 when a small rebellion broke out. It began with a blight of the potato crop that left acre upon acre of Irish farmland covered with black rot.(The Irish Famine, 1) This of course is in reference to the Irish Famine. The Irish Famine was another cause of the tensions in Ireland. As crops across Ireland failed, the price of food soared. This made it impossible for Irish farmers to sell there goods, the good which the far mers relied upon to pay their rent to their English and Protestant landlords. These people were thrown into the streets with no money and nothing to eat. This forced the people to eat the rotten food, which in turn caused the people to be consumed with cholera and typhus. With nowhere to go the starving people decided to emigrate to America and other English speaking countries. This was the peoples salvation. Even emigration was no panacea ship owners often crowed hundreds of desperate Irish onto rickety vessels labeled coffin ships. ( The Irish Famine, 2) Many people, on their voyage to America succumb to disease, starvation and many other causes. As much as one third of the passengers on the coffin ships died before reaching America. The Irish Famine which lasted from 1846-50 took as many as one million lives from hunger and disease. Overall the combined forces of famine, disease and emigration caused Irelands population to drop from eight million before the famine to five million 1 year after it ended. This all could have been avoided if Britains response to the famine had not been delayed. Many people criticized Britains response, and further blamed centuries of British political oppression on the underlying causes of the the Irish Famine.(The Irish Famine, 2)During World War I, people who wanted Ireland to become a republic continued their fight. These people belonged to various pol itical organizations, including the political party Sinn Fein, the Irish Republican Brotherhood and the Irish Citizen army. On Easter Monday in 1916, 1,600 protesters rebelled against the British. They took control of several public buildings in Dublin and declared Ireland a republic. The fighting lasted for four days before they were forced to surrender to the Royal Irish Constabulary and the Black and Tan Soldiers . .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5 , .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5 .postImageUrl , .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5 , .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5:hover , .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5:visited , .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5:active { border:0!important; } .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5:active , .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5 .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u0e681e8ffcfc4e9136823e714a0faad5:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The Laser EssayIn 1905 Sinn Fein, the Irish nationalist party was formed by Arthur Griffith. It was and advocate of a politically and economic Ireland. And then in 1918 Sinn Fein Candidates were elected to every Irish political position outside of the Ulster providence. However instead of serving in the British parliament they set up their own parliament called the Dail Eireann, in Dublin. The Dail Eireann had its own courts, tax system and postal service. In 1919 the Dail Eireann declared Ireland a republic. This lead to three years of war between the militant wing of Sinn Fein and British soldiers known as black and tans. In July 1921 Michael Collins, who was the leader of Sinn Feins armies negotiated a treaty with the British government. This lead to the Anglo-Irish Treaty, which left most of Ireland independent, but Northern Ireland under British rule. This lead to another outbreak of civil war. This time the war was between those who supported the Anglo-Irish Treaty (people who favored the separation of Ireland) and the Republicans, who wanted a united Ireland. The civil war lasted until 1923, when the republicans were convinced by their new leader to accept the division of Ireland for the time being. The new leader of the Republicans was Eamon De Valera. Valera was a native born American. He took part in the Easter uprising of 1916 but escaped execution because of his American birth. He was elected president of Sinn Fein and he opposed the partition of Ireland. In 1926 Eamon De Valera formed a new political party called Fianna Fail. The members of this party opposed the partition of Ireland under the Anglo-Irish Treaty. In 1932 Eamon De Valera was elected to be the Prime Minister of Ireland . And in 1959 he became Irelands first president. After Fianna Fail came to power in 1932 the party began to abolish the oath of allegiance to the British crown and some of the restrictive clauses imposed by the Anglo-Irish Treaty. An economic war followed in 1933.(Essays in History 7) In 1933 the British Government imposed a tax of 40% on Irish exports to Britain in retaliationOn January 30, 1972 a large demonstration in Derry took place against internment. The march, which was called to protest internment, was illegal according to British government authorities. (Bloody Sunday, 3) The British Armys 1st Parachute Regiment opened fire on unarmed and peaceful civilian demonstrators killing 13 and wounding a number of others. Bloody Sunday is just another example of the cruel and unfair treatment of the Irish people. British- Irish relations over the past three hundred years have been troubled. There have been many tensions caused by religion in Northern Ireland and Britains unfair rule of Northern Ireland. The British are guilty of many of the indignities suffered by the Irish people. They are also guilty of causing all of the religious and territorial conflicts between Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland. The mistreatment of the people dates back to the 16th century. However the mistreatment still continues in Northern Ireland today. Today in Ireland there is peace. Although there have been a few incidents the peace seems to be lasting. However British troops still occupy Belfast.

Wednesday, April 8, 2020

Juveniles And The Death Penalty Essays (1498 words) -

Juveniles And The Death Penalty Children Doing Crimes That End up In The Chamber It was a warm summer evening in a small town in the state of Missouri. John Freshman, a white male gang member fourteen years of age, drives down a street that he knows his rival gang members are usually standing along. John pulls his 9 MM. automatic pistol out from underneath his seat and points it at the group of rival gang members. John opens fire and unloads his weapon at anybody standing along the street. As John pulls away from the area, he almost gets into an accident with a parked vehicle and drops his weapon. When John regains control of the vehicle he shouts blood killer coming down the road. When the ambulance and police arrive, they find five people dead two children and one grand mother in the house, and two gang members in the street dead. The police find the weapon and test for fingerprints. They come back to John Freshman AKA Lone G. John has been in juvenile hall nine times and has been on probation or in custody for the past five years. John is sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole. The previous statement is not real but it portrays the life of our country. This statement can be read and seen all over the country in newspapers and watched on the five oclock news. Was Johns sentencing appropriate? Should have John been sentenced to the death penalty? Is John old enough to be put to death? This paper will try to answer these questions. Terms Juvenile - A young Person, one below the legally established age of adulthood. A person under the age of eighteen when the crime was committed. Death Penalty- Capital punishment, sentenced to death. What age is too young for the death penalty? A better question is what age is it too young to die for the murder of another human person. In the United States, the Supreme Court ruled that juvenile under the age of sixteen should not be sentenced to death because they are too young. This was upheld in the case of Thompson V. Oklahoma (487 U.S. 815,1988). Since juveniles are beginning to get more violent in their acts, should the age be lowered? For instance, the previous scenario states that it was a fourteen year old doing the crime. What if it was a twelve year old? When does a juvenile have to pay fully for the crime he or she committed? If you look at the juvenile criminal statistics today and compare them to twenty years ago, we see a dramatic decrease in violent crime and increase use of death penalty sentences. For example, Proffessor Victor Strieb From Claude W. Petit College of Law (Death Penalty for Juveniles) stated juveniles are one to two percent of all people on death r ow in the United States, although they commit more than fifty percent of all the murders in the United States. As we look at the history of juveniles sentenced to death, we see that the rate has been steady and has fluctuated by little more than five percent. The History of the death penalty for juveniles began around 1642 with the execution of Thomas Graunger. Thomas Graunger was executed in Plymouth Colony Massachusetts for a crime he committed when he was sixteen years old. He became the first recorded juvenile in what was to become the United States to be executed for an offense committed under the age of eighteen. There were 343 executions of juveniles before the Supreme Court repelled the death penalty. There have been 13 executions of convicted juveniles since the beginning of the new era. Just like adults, the state of Texas is the leader of juvenile executed with seven. There has been seven Caucasians, five African Americans and one Latino executed. Twelve of those executed were seventeen when they did the crime. (Strieb, Juveniles on death row) Before June 30, 1988, thirty people were on death row for crimes committed while under the age of eighteen. As of June 1999, there are seventy people on death row for crimes they committe d when they were juveniles. About one in fifty

Monday, March 9, 2020

Hydrocephalus essays

Hydrocephalus essays Hydrocephalus is a build-up of cerebrospinal fluid, known as CSF, in the brain. CSF is produced in the choroids plexus and it is usually transported through the ventricles in the brain. It is also found outside the brain and in the spinal canal. Hydrocephalus occurs when the CSF is blocked or when there is excess fluid in the brain. This condition causes pressure on the brain that leads to the swelling of the ventricles. The ventricles are then pushed against the skull causing tissues to either be damaged or destroyed. Hydrocephalus can be congenital, caused by a birth defect, or acquired, caused by a trauma to the brain. In most instances, heredity is not a factor for acquiring hydrocephalus. Although it mostly occurs in young children, hydrocephalus may be present in adults and the elderly. The signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus vary depending upon the age of the person, when the problem developed, the cause of the condition, and the damage that occurred to the tissues due to the swelling of the ventricles. In infants, the primary sign of hydrocephalus is enlargement of the head. Other symptoms in infants include lethargy (sleepiness), vomiting, decreased mental functions, et cetera. Some symptoms in older children and adults are headaches, vomiting, vision changes, decreased coordination, or mental aberrations such as confusion. There is no known cure for hydrocephalus, but the condition can be treated and kept under control. Treatment of hydrocephalus involves the surgical insertion of a shunt, a flexible tube with a one-way valve. To allow the excess CSF to drain back into the bloodstream and to decrease pressure on the brain, the shunt is inserted into the ventricular system of the brain. There are some problems that can occur with shunting such as obstruction of the shunt or an infection. Complications occur with 25% to 60% of all shunt procedures. Antibiotics are used at the sign of an i ...

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Roles of regulatory, and accreditation agencies Essay

Roles of regulatory, and accreditation agencies - Essay Example Other than education, they also facilitate social changes among the people they are targeting. The social change ensures that the people are able to live a better lifestyle which ensures and enhances quality health care for themselves and their offsprings hence securing even the future generation. They also team up with the government in providing greater access to quality healthcare through health programs that they initiate and follow up to ensure their success to the people at all levels be it local, national or global (Skolnik, 2012, p. 196). Politics in especially African countries is very influential and enables get together a lot of people. The organizations and agencies use the politicians to gather large crowds of people in the target area especially the grassroots level and they teach them about healthcare. The same politics is in-charge of making legislation and policies and hence by teaming up with them, the agencies are sure to influence them to pass health care policies that will be beneficial to the population. The policies are passed at both the state and national level and their success is adopted and replicated globally. Politics come into play also because people are more likely to listen to political leaders they elected and whom they believe hold the power to assist them and will, therefore, most likely follow to the letter what the politician advice. The politicians are therefore in this case used as lobbyists for the health care agencies (Silviu, 2010, pp. 4-6).

Wednesday, February 5, 2020

Essey Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4000 words

Essey - Essay Example Management is the dynamic, life-giving element in every business. Without it the resources of production remain resources and never become production." (Sharma, 2004 11) This definition emphasizes that the managers achieve organizational objectives getting things done through the employees. Human resource Management is very essential for successful running of an enterprise. It ensures proper use of physical and human resources by deriving the best results. It leads to efficient performance and higher productivity. Human Resource Management is very essential for every organization to make productive use of human physical and financial resources or the achievement of the organizational goals. It helps in determination of objectives. No organization can succeed in tits mission unless its objectives an identified and well denied. Management helps in achieving these objectives by the efficient use of resources. The entry of multinationals has also brought in fundamental changes in the work culture, work ethics and remunerating patterns in many countries, all of which have a clear bearing on the career growth path of individuals. Added to this are the rapid changes taking place on the technological front, flattening hierarchies and making people come together more than ever before. Amidst all this change, the high ethical standards of an individual, be it a workman on the shop floor or the Chief Executive Officer, matter more now than ever. The dual ethical standards often maintained by people front-often the exact opposite when it comes of the way they conduct business are counterproductive in the long run. The new authority is emerging and organizations are member led, officer driven, customer focused; a team environment where the whole is greater than the sum of its parts; a flat management structure where employees and managers are learning rather than blame; a clear since of direction and purpose. A firm commitment to delivering high quality public services through a combination of direct-provision and effective partnerships. 2. ROLE OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Human Resource Management plays a very important role in managing the mode in business organizations, which are complex and complicated. The role of management is summarized below. 1. Role in success. Human Resource Management plays a very important role the success of an organization. It helps in achieving group goals. Human Resource Management assembles and organizes the available recourses for the accomplishment of the goals of enterprise. It adds effectiveness to the efforts of group persons organized to achieve the given objectives. 2. Role in efficiency. Human Resource Management utilizes the available physical and human resources productively. It eliminates all types of wastage and leads to efficiency in all business operations. Thus it results in effective running of business activities. To secure efficiency of operations, management is concerned with reducing the cost of production and increasing the output. Through better planning, organizing and control, and the use of various cost-reduction techniques, efficient management leads to reduced costs and increased output. (Sharma, 2004 13) 3. Role in soundness of organization. Human Resource Management lays down a pattern of authority- responsibility relationship. The structure so formed